Tiger’s Eye is a well-known gemstone which features smooth gold and brown bands that produce a captivating steady shifting light effect in reaction to any slightest change in light. This light effect resembles the eyes of a tiger, which is why it is called the Tiger’s eye. It is formed when crocidolite, blue asbestos is crystallized and dissolved by quartz which still retains its finely fibrous chatoyant structure. Thus, it is a pseudo morph of this blue asbestos. Tiger’s eye is formed by parallel intergrowth of quartz and amphiboles. Macro-crystalline mineral grains are crystalized in Trigonal-Hexagonal system. It occurs as a metamorphic product of igneous and or sedimentary rocks as parental material.
This gemstone has various types such as blue Tiger’s eye, Arizona tiger’s eye, Marra Mamba Tiger’s eye and others. Most of these forms of Tiger’s eye do not require any treatment. But with dye or heat, some can be given red and maroon colors. The Northern Cape Province of South Africa is the major source of this stone. However, it is also available in small quantities in Thailand, India, Australia, and Namibia.
Its vitreous luster, 2.64-2.69 specific gravity, indiscernible cleavage planes, absence of pleochroic nature, and conchoidal fracture makes it the perfect specimen for its multiple uses. Chemically represented as SiO2, this stone can be cut and polished to get a smooth dazzling chatoyant effect of moving layers of brownish and yellowish waves and lines. It is available in multiple colors as a result of multiple impurities in crystallizing environment.
With a refractive index of 1.54 – 1.55 and a Mohs hardness of 7, it is easy to see why this stone is cherished in lapidary. With it, talented jewelers are producing pendants and beads for necklaces and bracelet. They also use it to make floral pins, as well as ornate carvings. Both the old and new generations find this gemstone captivating and useful in various ways. The ancient Egyptians used it as the eyes of the statues of their deities to show divine vision. For the Roman soldiers, it was a great tool for deflection of weapons and also to ignite and instill the spirit of bravery into them.
Various generations regarded the Tiger’s eye as a stone of good fortune and prosperity. Thus, people kept it as they believe that it secures their resources and protect themselves against threats and malice from others. In today’s world, people still find this marvelous stone fascinating and useful. It unravels the mystery between apparent opposites such as darkness and light, good and evil, right and wrong. Tiger’s eye stone has become a renowned eye formation stone. It helps one to brighten and sharpen their inner vision so that they can easily gain a better understanding of each situation’s cause and effect. Considered by many as a source of good fortune and luck, one can keep it not just for the mental vision but also for good business or profession, as well as to maintain a regular flow of income.