Hematite was also known as bloodstone from its old Greek name. Other names include iron rose, specularite, and red iron. It is a very frequent mineral from the mineral class of oxides with a ratio of metal: oxygen = 2:3. It crystallizes in the Trigonal-Hexagonal crystal system. Chemically, it is Fe2O3. It develops various crystal forms but also massive, grapevine and radial beam aggregates in gray, black or reddish brown color. Hematite contains 70% iron in the pure state and is the most important iron ore.
The hematite stone is one of the most requested semi precious stones, not only for its obvious beauty but also for the powers and energy that this stone radiates. For many years this stone was associated with blood, body, and spirit, hence its name which has the prefix ‘hema’ blood. This stone is also composed with a great amount of iron.
Its Mohs hardness is between 5.5 and 6.5 and its density between 5.12 and 5.3. The mineral can have low contents of magnesium, manganese, and titanium. Pure hematite is non-magnetic. Only by heating can a weak magnetism be generated. Hematite usually crystallizes as iron luster in steel-gray to iron black, metal-lustring, often iridescent crystals, or in flaky crystals such as iron mica or iron cream. Hematite occurs both in sedimentary deposits and as a gangue mineral. It is responsible for the red coloration of many rocks - a significant example is the banded iron ore formations from the archaic era. Hematite today can be found in various forms and is mostly found in jewels due to its visibility. It’s also a stone with little hardness, making it more flexible and easy to carve for the different types of jewelry.
Hematite is also used as a polishing agent. The crystalline form of hematite has been used as a mirror for a long time because of its high reflectivity. In the case of corrosion protection, Hematite is used as a top coat of hot-dip galvanized steel parts in the form of fine, flat, crystalline platelets in a polish matrix. The corrosion protection can be up to 25 years and more with free weathering.
Besides beautifying the wearer, Hematite helps to protect from bad energy. It is said that if someone who carries hematite and receives bad vibes, the stone will receive the same and the jewel will break out expelling that bad energy outside, thus avoiding any further harm. It is said that in addition to the fame of protection and security, it also heals some physical evils.
Because of its consistency, this stone often easily takes the energy of the wearer. Not only you can wear it in the form of a jewelry or amulet, you can also carry it with you in its raw form, a small drummed stone in your pocket can have a beneficial effect on you.