The name Jasper is derived from the Greek and means "spotted stone". Orbicular Jasper has white or gray eye-shaped design enclosed by red Jasper. Ribbon Jasper is lined and used in carving, cameos, and intaglios. Hornstone is a gray variety of Jasper. Jaspers are commonly found across the world, with USA being one of the largest producers of Fancy Jasper. Washington, California, Utah, Wyoming, and Oregon states have massive Jasper deposits. Other than USA, other countries namely India, Kazakhstan, Russia, Indonesia, Egypt and Australia also have extensive deposits.
Fancy Jasper crystallizes as a nesosilicate. A single SiO2 tetrahedron is a basic structure for the crystal. It crystallizes in a Trigonal-Hexagonal system. It shows a microcrystalline aggregate habit. The stone is in massive form but does not occur in visible crystals. It is also found in veins or as cavity filling deposits. Fancy Jaspers is a tough and an inflexible stone. It has a Mohs hardness of 6.5 to 7. Specific gravity ranges from 2.57 to 2.91. Other physical properties include a conchoidal and splintery fracture. Cleavage planes are absent. It is also an opaque gemstone with vitreous luster and a white streak. Fancy Jasper displays a uniaxial optical character and a refractive index of 1.541 plus no birefringence. It exhibits anisotropic properties under crossed polarized light. It is devoid of any dispersion and pleochroic properties when observed from different directions.
Jasper is a fine-grained, impervious variety of chalcedony. It occurs in numerous colors like brown, red, grey-blue, yellow, green-red, and combinations of all of these. Fancy Jasper is used in making many jewelry pieces such as rings, pendants, necklaces, bracelets, and crowns. There are records of Jasper included into the crowns and thrones of royal families.
Since ancient times, Fancy Jasper is known for its healing properties. It is believed that this stone is effective in healing cellular tissues, stomach, liver, and gallbladder problems. It is also famous for harmonizing mineral assimilation in the digestion system. This stone is often known for alignment of all chakras. Jasper occurs in several colors which has an impact on different chakras. It has a unifying effect which brings people together, hence many families have this stone as their family stone.
Fancy Jasper is believed to enhance grasping powers. It resolves concentration issues and helps people stay focused on their goals. It is also known as a Party Stone. Its fabled magical powers help people to forget about their past and future tensions. People have strong belief that this stone enables you to enjoy more and live a stress-free life.