Belonging to the beryl family of minerals, Emeralds are bright green in color with a vitreous luster. They have occupied the highest position in gem’s market for more than five thousand years. Emerald emerged as an astoundingly valuable and esteemed stone in the African, South American and Asian regions. The chromium discoverer, Louis Nicolas Vanqueli, proposed that beryl and emerald had high homology in the 1790s. Furthermore, he demonstrated that chromium formed an essential component of emerald.
Chemically Be3Al2Si6O18, Emerald has colorless streaks running through its crystalline structure. Beryllium Aluminum silicate is a hexagonal crystal with transparent to opaque transparency. With 2.6-2.9 specific gravity, the crystals occur as individual prismatic perfectly crystallized hexagons. Beryl became the second term for Emerald by the 1830s.
Later on, in the 20th century, research proved that Emerald had a higher content of vanadium as compared to chromium. The cyclosilicate mineral morphologically exists as sedimentary, igneous and metamorphic rock in nature. Existing less commonly as stubby crystals or plates, beryl crystalline bases usually are flat.
The stone occurs in massive as well as columnar aggregations as well. Pyramidal terminations of the stone are less likely. Lengthwise striations also occur on the long and thin crystalline platy or drusy forms. With a Mohs hardness score of 7.5-8, the crystal has brittle tenacity. The stone also undergoes uneven to conchoidal fracture with 3, 1 cleavage planes. Emerald exists in metamorphosed mica schist and granite pegmatites.
Egypt has kept its place as the most ancient source of Emerald gemstones. Some Native populations of South America like Incas mined exceptional quality of Emerald stones from Colombia. Some transparent forms of Emerald have profound value and appear gem-like. Less valuable and less common varieties of Emerald appear in either opaque or semi-opaque form. Considered to be one of the most known and valuable stones in the market, the Emerald has been a revered stone even in the olden days. Thoth, an ancient Egyptian god, was said to have given away emeralds according to myth. Nowadays, people traditionally associate this stone with 55th wedding anniversaries.
Emerald is believed to bring domestic love bliss and promises loyalty in love to the bearer. Promoting unconditional love and union, it kindles a heartfelt friendship. Moreover, it can clue any unfaithful stance from the partner by changing its color. A stimulant of the Heart chakra, emerald heals emotions and soothes the physical heart. Balance in love unions and companionship get a boost with the stone possession. Enlightening the conscious mind and sharpening its focus, this stone ensures harmony in all spheres of the wearer’s life. Relationships are said to benefit from this stone as it instills fidelity in a long term partnership. When one wishes to attract love, this stone should be worn as a pendant under the clothing. However, it is recommended to be worn visibly when trying to heal from a failed relationship.
Favoring positive energies, it enhances one’s mental capacity. Clairvoyance and other psychic abilities flow in the bearer’s mind owing to the stone’s vibrational energies. Bringing the unknown into recognition, this green stone imparts wisdom and reason. Discernment, together with clarity of thought channels into the wearer’s psyche. In healing, Emerald is widely known for curing heart and spinal ailments. It is also believed to ward off diabetes and improve vision. In healing, this stone is used to help those with illnesses concerning the eyes, lungs, lymph nodes, heart, and those with diabetes. It is also believed to maintain youthfulness and restore beauty, not only to a person but to the environment. Emerald is particularly beneficial to women, in helping those in labor, as well as in aiding aging women with their general health. It empowers women and helps them avoid sexual abuse.
Further, Emerald eliminates negativity, bringing about positive vibrations to its wearer. In business, it is believed to improve the company's profitability and uphold a good reputation.