A variety of Chalcedony, Carnelian comes off as a solid colored mineral with orange and red as widespread hues and amber for rare ones. The stone can also incorporate bands in its morphology where mineralogy often classifies it as a hybrid of Agate with Carnelian. The bands comprise of lighter and darker zones intercepted by cloudy areas as well. The present worth of Carnelian gemstone has declined as compared to ancient times. Carnelian distinguishes itself from Jasper in that it has a translucent transparency whereas Jasper is opaque. With a double refractive strength of about .009, Carnelian has a refractive index ranging between 1.54-1.55.
The hexagonal crystal has a Moh’s hardness score of 7. The vitreous crystal has a specific gravity of 2.63 to 2.65. Chemically SiO2, it belongs to a class of quartz. The tinges of Carnelian occur due to impurities like iron oxide. With a molar mass of 60g/mol, it undergoes a splintery or conchoidal fracture. This gemstone commonly occurs in India, Germany, Brazil, and Siberia. The natural forms need intense heat to give them a suitable hue for ornaments. Kornel’s color gives this gemstone its name as Carnelian owing to its cherry tinges. Cleavage planes do not cross through the crystalline pattern of Carnelian.
Being known for action, this gemstone provides the necessary courage and self-trust to the bearer for following a goal. Ancient civilization used the stone to help protect dead in the after-life. Directing the wearer to a new path, they widen the opportunities for the bearer.
Enhancing blood flow throughout the body, this gemstone strengthens the vitality of different organs of the bearer’s body. It also helps clarify one’s aims and then bestows the required enthusiasm and energy to the wearer for the most suitable dimension of his goals.
Believed to promote futuristic foresight, these gemstones drive the bearer’s focus on the right ambitions. Dominating the sacral chakra as per its orange tinge, the stone gives vibrant stimulation to the pelvic region. Reproductive and sexual energies boost with the stone's possession. Thus the belief that this gemstone can cure impotence and infertility issues. If used in combination with Zincite and Calcite, sexual energies of the bearer are said to be amplified.
Pink colored Carnelian stones rule the heart chakras and provide emotional warmth and happiness. It gives more beneficial effects when worn near the lower body chakras than on the upper ones. Medically, it is said to treat rheumatic fever, skin diseases, and fevers. Being a Leo Birthstone, it promotes the enjoyment of one’s life.